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Hyperopia (Farsightedness)

Farsightedness is the vision problem of being able to see things clearly at a distance, but blurry at close range. It is also known as Hyperopia and is the opposite of myopia. Hyperopia occurs when the eyeball is too short or when the cornea’s curvature is too flat. If this is the case, light entering the eye does not focus correctly. As with myopia, hyperopia is a common problem among the population.

Causes

Hyperopia may be hereditary and may be present at birth. Unlike myopia, many children may outgrow hyperopia as their eye changes shape. The problem is that the eye’s focus is behind the retina rather than directly on it. This results in blurred close vision. The hyperopic person may be able to see details on a tree at a distance, but cannot read the words on a newspaper before their eyes.

Treatment

Treating hyperopia may involve eyeglasses or contact lenses. Most often, those with hyperopia only need glasses for reading, but can get by without any vision correction most of the time. If hyperopia is bad enough or the person simply wants their vision corrected as much as possible, they may choose to have refractive laser surgery.

LASIK, one of the variants of LASIK, or PRK are performed with an excimer laser. The laser reshapes the cornea and restores focus directly on the retina where it should be.

Though corrective laser surgeries are generally safe procedures, not everyone is a candidate for all of them. For example, those who are not candidates for LASIK due to the thinness of their cornea may be perfect candidates for PRK.

To find out if you are a candidate for LASIK or PRK to correct your hyperopia, please contact an experienced ophthalmologist in your area for an initial consultation.

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